Teen Murti Bhavan, built during the British-era is another building in New Delhi that is politically and historically important. Not only the building has served as a residence of many eminent people, but is now converted into a museum and a library that teaches people about the historical heritage of India.
Location: Teen Murti Marg, New Delhi
Entry Timings: 10:00 am to 05:00 pm
Nearest Metro Station: Race Course Metro Station on Yellow Line
Nearest Bus Stand: P.S. Chanakyapuri Bus Stand
The Teen Murti Bhavan magnificently illustrates the excellence of British architecture. Because of the historical importance of the place, a large number of people visit the place every day.
Why is the place named Teen Murti Bhavan?
The place was originally known as the Flagstaff House, but renamed as Teen Murti Bhavan after a sculpture by British sculptor Leonard Jennings, that was installed on the road junction in front of the complex in 1922.
It is a statue of three soldiers and was made in memory of three soldiers from three princely states – Jodhpur, Mysore and Hyderabad, who sacrificed their lives during World War I under British army.
When was the Teen Murti Bhavan constructed?
The Teen Murti Bhavan was earlier known as Flagstaff House and was constructed as a residence of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Indian Army. The palace like building was designed by the British architect Robert Tor Russell who is also known for designing the historic Connaught Place(CP), Western and Eastern Courts on Janpath for Indian politicians and legislators etc. and was constructed around 1929 to 1930.
Teen Murti Bhavan also served as the residence of first Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He came to stay here on August 2nd, 1948 and stayed here till his death on May 27th, 1964. After the death of the prime minister, the Teen Murti Bhavan was converted into a museum dedicated to Jawaharlal Nehru.
Why should you visit Teen Murti Bhavan?
The Teen Murti Bhavan houses many buildings inside the complex that are of tourist attraction like the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, Nehru Planetarium, Kushak Mahal etc.
Nehru Memorial Museum and Library
When Jawaharlal Nehru dies, his residential place was converted into a museum in his memory. The museum was dedicated to the nation by the then President of India, Dr. S Radhakrishnan. The rooms where Nehru stayed were recreated using the same things that were used by Jawaharlal Nehru and depicted the life of the great soul who helped india become a democratic and secular country. Some of the achievements, gifts, awards that Nehru received have also been placed for display.
The library in the complex is one of the biggest libraries in Delhi. The letters, books, manuscripts, journals, diaries etc that were either written by Jawaharlal Nehru or received by him as gifts form the great collection in the library.
Teen Murti Bhavan complex also houses a planetarium – one of five such planetariums in India that have been named after the first prime minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The Nehru Planetarium was opened with the aim of promoting astronomy and helping budding astronauts in fulfilling their dreams. The Planetarium was inaugurated on February 6th, 1984 by the then Prime Minister of India and the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, Smt. Indira Gandhi.
The Teen Murti Bhavan also houses a hunting lodge named Kushak Mahal or Shikargah, which served as the hunting lodge of Feroz Shah Tughlaq of Tughlaq dynasty. The Kushak Mahal is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.
The teen Murti Bhavan is a perfect place to visit for people of almost all age groups. The planetarium, the library, the museum and the historical structure – everything contribute in enhancing the importance of Teen Murti Bhavan.