What is The Taj Mahal | Architecture | History | Photo | timings | Information about Taj Mahal Agra | Location | Where is Taj Mahel | Who built Taj Mahl
“The Taj Mahal Agra attracts millions of tourists from all over the world annually. It is one of the seven wonders in the world.”
What is Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is one of the best creations of mughal architecture. It was built by Shah Jahan (Mughal Emperor) from 1632-1653. It took near about 20000 artists to construct Taj Mahal under the guidance of Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (architect). Inside Taj Mahel, there is a mosque, garden, fountain and a guest house built up on the 42 acre land. The Taj Mahal building is constructed of ivory-white marble.
Information about Taj Mahal
Here, you can find some important Information about Agra Taj Mahal. These information about Taj Mahal are given in points to understand easily.
- Taj Mahel is one of the seven wonders of the world.
- It is the most beautiful masterpiece of Mughal architecture.
- The architecture of Taj Mahal is based on persian and Mughal architecture.
- After the complete construction of Taj Mahl, Shah Jahan was arrested by Aurangzeb (son of Shah Jahan) inside Agra Fort.
- Indian government has directed the factories and industries near Taj Mahl with strict rules of emissions because the color of Taj Mahl was getting faded due to the acid rain caused by harmful emissions of gases in these industries.
- Shah Jahan built this beautiful building “The Taj Mahal” in the memory of his queen Arjumand Bano Begum.
- Arjumand Bano Begum was second wife of Shah Jahan.
In which year Taj Mahal was built
Taj Mahal was built in the year 1653. Actually, the major part of construction was completed in the year 1643. But the complete construction and designing work was all done till 1653, which was started from 1632.
Who built Taj Mahal Agra
Taj Mahal Agra was built by Shah Jahan in the loving memory of his queen Arjumand Bano Begum (Mumtaz).
Architecture of Taj Mahal Agra
Architecture of Taj Mahal Agra is based on Persian and early Mughal style.
It took over 20000 people to build this beautiful wonder Taj Mahl. These people or workers include all labourers, workers, artists, architects, painters etc. who came from different parts of Asia. Then the hard work and creation of these workers created this unique building. Besides the Tomb of Taj Mahl, there are gardens which are also known as Char Bagh, Masjid, Rest House which is known as Naqqar Khana and Rauza.
On the Entry to Taj Mahel, there is a big door entrance which is the main gateway, which is made up of black stone and has borders with some calligraphy in Arabic. Then moving inside, there is this main tomb of Agra Taj Mahel which is also known as “Mumtaz Mahal“. On the eastern side of this main tomb, there is Naqqar Khana (Rest house). And on the western side, there is Rauza. These two buildings are just opposite to each other and on the center stands the main tomb. The similar symmetry, color, shape make these two buildings look like mirror images.
Taj Mahal architecture includes the work of white stones, marbles, calligraphic inscriptions, Jhanjhari, sandstones, persian carpets, gold lamps, candlesticks and other precious stones. These all creations have put a charm on this white building of love.
History of Taj Mahal
The history of Taj Mahal is devoted to love of Shah Jahan (son of Jahangir). There is a strong belief that The Taj Mahal Agra was built by Shah Jahan as a sign of love for his second wife Mumtaz (Arjumand Bano Begum). Shah Jahan wanted to build a memorable building that no one would have seen ever and this resulted in The Taj Mahal. So, this wonderful structure is blessed with love and memories.
Shah Jahan fell in love with Mumtaz (Arjumand Bano Begum) at the age of 14. And got married to her in 1612. Although Mumtaz was not the first wife of Shah Jahan. But in 1631, Mumtaz died while giving birth to their 14th child (Gauhara Begum). Then Shah Jahan decided to build such a building in the remembrance of his love. So, he commissioned 32 million rupees in the year 1631 and the construction work started on 1632. The main parts of Taj Mahel had been built till 1643 but it took 10 more years to properly finish the construction work. The construction of Taj Mahel was completed in the year 1653.
Then Aurangzeb (the son of Shah Jahan) imprisoned Shah Jahan in the Agra Fort. Shah Jahan could only see the Taj Mahal from a window of the room in which he was arrested.
Since then there have been a few attacks on Taj Mahal which harmed it’s beauty. But in the 19th century, Lord Curzon (British Viceroy) got the Taj Mahal repaired and there were also some small changes that he added such as the gardens were again made in the British style.
Where is The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal location is Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001
Taj Mahal timings
Taj Mahal Timings – visiting hours are from sunrise till the sunset.
“Friday is closed for visitors”.
Indian tourists- Rs. 40/person
Foreign tourists- Rs. 1000/person
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries- Rs. 530
Taj Mahal Photo – Image – Pictures