Parliament House, located in New Delhi is one of the most magnificent and significant building of India, where the most important decisions regarding the nation are taken.
Location: Sansad Marg, Janpath, Connaught Place, New Delhi
Entry Timings: 11:00 am to 05:00 pm
Nearest Metro Station: Central Secretariat on Yellow Line
Nearest Bus Stand: Red Cross Road Bus Stand
Parliament House, which is originally known as the House of Parliament, is the place from where the nation is governed by the leaders chosen by the people of India.
When was the Parliament House constructed?
The building was designed by two British architect who had also contributed in designing and construction of the national capital city, Delhi, – Sir Edwin lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. Though the designing work of Parliament house was completed by the two architects during 1912 to 1913, the construction of the building began in 1921, with laying the foundation of the building by the then Duke of connaught. The construction of the building was completed in six years and the inauguration ceremony was conducted on January 18, 1927 by Lord Irwin, who was the governor-General of India at that time. The Parliament House has always been under strict protection because of its significance and the important personalities that the building houses.
What is the structure of Parliament House?
The Parliament House has a central circular building along with three other semi circular structures. The main building was constructed in circular shape by getting inspired by the Ashoka Chakra. The three semicircular buildings in the Parliament House, from which two are used separately by the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and the third one is used for highly equipped library.
The building depicts the beauty and glory of Indian architecture well with the windows which are protected with chajjas and are built in mesh shaped designs. The beauty of the building is increased by the use of fountains inside and outside the building along with the lush green gardens.
This building has seen a lot of important and delicate decisions taken by the parliamentarians and solutions of various issues related to national and public interest has also been found here. The Bills that are passed in the building need confirmation and consent of the President of India.
The Central hall is one of the most important building in Parliament House that is covered with a dome on the top. The dome is considered to be the most spectacular and majestic dome not only in India, but all over the world which gives Indians a huge reason to be proud of the magnificent architectural structures housed in the country. The Central Hall is mainly used for combined sitting of the two houses (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha) and while the Heads of States of other countries address the members of Parliament. As the hall is equipped with many technological things like Simultaneous Interpretation System, it becomes easy for the members of the Parliament to interpret the representatives of other countries.
The Central hall is the place that marks the transfer of power from British to Indian government and the famous speech of nehru “Tryst with dynasty” was also given here. Another event that adds to its significance is that the constitution of the country was framed at this particular place by the Constituent Assembly.
Beside the central hall and the three semicircular buildings, there is also a four storeyed circular building that is used for providing accommodation facilities to the ministers, chairmen, parliamentary committee etc.
There is also a Parliament museum beside the Parliament House that was opened in 2006 in order to make people of India aware about the “Democratic Heritage of India”. The museum is equipped with many technological facilities like huge screens to play videos, virtual reality equipments etc.
Everybody who visits Delhi definitely visit the Parliament house that represents the working of Indian democracy. Though entry is only allowed to those people who have a pass, this place is a great tourist attraction.