Khirki Masjid is one of the very few mosques in India that are covered on the top and is located in the remains of Jahapanah, the fourth city of Delhi which was founded by Mohammad Shah Tughlaq.
Location: Malviya Nagar
Entry Timings: 07:00 am to 07:00 pm
Nearest Metro Station: Malviya Nagar or Saket Metro Station on Yellow Line
Nearest Bus Stand: Khirki Gaon Bus Stop
Jahapanah, the fourth city of Delhi houses Khirki mosque that is of great historical significance. The remains of this city are in Begumpur now.
When was the mosque constructed?
There is no evidence to prove the correct and exact time as to when the mosque was constructed. According to researches and studies, the mosque is believed to be built between the years 1351 and 1354. Though there is no evidence regarding the date, the name of the constructor has been inscribed on the walls of the mosque.
The mosque was built by Khan-i-Jahan Junan Shah, who was the prime minister of Feroz Shah Tughlaq of the Tughlaq dynasty. Feroz Shah was himself had great interest in architecture and is known to build a lot of monuments including tombs, fortresses and mosques with his prime minister. Feroz Shah Kotla which was built by Feroz Shah, is one of the best places to visit in Delhi for someone who loves to visit historical places.
Another important reason why Khan-i-Jahan Junan was keen on building mosques was that he converted to Islam. In order to prove that he is true to Islam and believes in Allah, he built seven mosques including Khirki Masjid, Kalan Masjid, Begumpur Mosque, Masjid Kalu Sarai etc.
What is the architecture of the mosque?
The mosque is quadrangle shaped mosque that contains the combination of both Indian and Islamic architecture styles. Some features of the mosque represent the Indian architecture and others represent the Islamic style of architecture. The pillars and brackets constructed show the beauty of Hindu architecture while the domes on the top of the mosque represent the Islamic architecture style.
The mosque was not only used for prayers, but also for public gatherings, therefore the mosque is quite large and is in square shape. Though there are a few differences between this mosque and the other mosques. Instead of having a huge hall for prayers and public gatherings, the courtyard is divided in four smaller courtyards. Also the top of the mosque is almost covered, which is usually open in other mosques. The roof is divided in twenty five equal squares, most of which are covered with domes. The mosque is built in a way that it looks more like a fortress than a mosque.
Even though the roof is covered, there are openings on the roof that allow air and light to be filtered into the mosque. The interiors and the exteriors may be very simple, but the design and mixture of style with which it has been constructed itself makes it a must-visit.
What steps have been taken for restoration?
As the mosque is more than 660 years old, the structure needs some restoration work just like other historical monuments. Few domes have collapsed and the condition of the walls and roofs at some places are also similar.
The Archeological Survey of India had taken the responsibility of conservation and restoration of Khirki Mosque, but their restoration work resulted in the colour of the walls to turn pink, changing its original colour, because of the wrong lime-mortar proportions. The Archeological Survey of India said they will take care the next time they do any restoration work.
Even though the mosque now has become a place for children to play and only a few people are aware about the location of the mosque, this is a place that every history enthusiast must visit.