Humayun’s tomb the first and the most beautiful garden tomb in India built as per the Mughal architecture. It is one of the most significant and preserved monuments located in the eastern part of Delhi. To know more about Humayun’s tomb, read the article below.
Location: Mathura Road, Opposite Dargah Nizamuddin, New Delhi – 110013
Nearest Metro Station: Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium Metro Station on Violet Line
Nearest Bus Stand: Police Station Nizamuddin bus stand
Entry Hours: 06:00 am to 06:00 pm
open all seven days of the week
When and by whom was the tomb constructed?
Humayun’s Tomb is the tomb of Mughal emperor Babur’s son,Humayun. Humayun ruled in India for about some time but was expelled after which he sought help from the Persian dynasty Safavid Shah and regained reign over Delhi.
The tomb was constructed in the 1971 in the memory of emperor Humayun,9 years after his death. The architect,Mirak Mirza Giyuath,from Persia designed the structure under the supervision of Humayun’s first wife Hamida Begum.
Why was Humayun’s tomb constructed?
This place serves as a burial place for other mughals too other than emperor Humayun. It contains the graves of more than 100 mughals including the graves of Hamida Begum,Dara Shikoh,Bahadur Shah etc. Because of graves of so many mughal people in it, it is also known as the Dormitory of the Mughals.
Why is Humayun’s tomb a tourist attraction?
The structure of the tomb is a mixture of Persian and Indian designs which always attracts tourist all over the year.The tomb stands in the centre of a garden, further divided in 4 parts,known as the Char Bagh(four gardens), by water channels.
Apart from the main tomb of Humayun,there are other structures also built inside the complex like:
- The tomb and mosque of Isa Khan(an Afghan noble)
- Bu Halima tomb,Afsarwala tomb(a nobleman in Akbar’s court)
- Nila gumbad(known as the blue dome because of the blue color tiles)
- Arab Sarai
- Afsarwala Tomb and Mosque
- Babar’s Tomb
- The Nai-ka-Gumbad(residence for the noble barber)
All these structures surrounding the main tomb, adds to the beauty of the place.
The main entrance to the Humayun’s tomb is the 7 meter high West Gate from where the tourists are allowed to enter.
Tomb and mosque of Isa Khan
This complex is the first monument which comes into people’s notice when they enter Humayun’s tomb complex. It includes a octagonal tomb and also a mosque in the memory of Iza Khan Niyazi, who was a noble at the court of Sher Shah Suri. It is a structure with a combination of Sayyid and Lodi dynasties architectural styles.
Bu halima gateway
Bu halima gateway is a simple and small gateway which was built during the 16th century. On the upper level of the structure, there is a small balcony(known as the jharokha) with a beautiful parapet.
Arab ki sarai
Built under the supervision of the mughal empress Bega Begum,this place could hold up to three hundred people at a time and it worked as a residential area for a lot of workers who worked there at the time of construction of the Humayun’s tomb.
Afsarwala tomb and mosque
Afsar-wala(meaning officer in English) structure, adjacent to the Arab Sarai and is made of red sandstones in the memory of an eminent officer of emperor Akbar’s court.
This elegant and slender tomb is located in the Char Bagh (the four gardens in the Humayun’s tomb complex) and used to be the residence of the royal barber.
What are the steps taken to conserve Humayun’s Tomb?
Now the Aga Khan Trust along with the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and the Archaeological Survey of India has provided help for the restoration of the Humayun’s tomb and it had also been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993.