Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib is one of the oldest and important site for all the Sikhs. Its importance can be measured from the fact that more than 15,000 visitors come here everyday.
Location: Chandni Chowk, New Delhi
Entry Timings: Open 24 hours a day and all days of the week
Nearest Metro Station: Chandni Chowk Metro Station on Yellow Line
Nearest Bus Stand: Old Delhi Railway Station Bus Stand
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib is one of those nine gurudwaras in Delhi that are of historical significance to the Sikhs. In the past, a lot of events that can be marked important for Sikhs took place in the capital city of India and there are nine such gurdwaras in the city that are associated with such events.
What is the historical significance of the Gurudwara?
The ninth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was very brave and courageous who fought for the betterness of the people’s life. Under the reign of Aurangzeb, when people were forced to convert to Islam, Guru Tegh Bahadur took a stand for the people who didn’t want to do so. On November 11, 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded under a tree as ordered by Aurangzeb. He died protecting people’s rights of following the religion of their choice. The gurudwara marks the spot where the guru was beheaded.
Before the body could be mutilated anymore and exposed to the public, one of the Guru’s disciples named Lakhi Shah Vanjara stole Guru’s body in the dark. To offer proper cremation to the guru, Lakhi Shah Vanjara burnt his own house. This site is also marked with a gurudwara, Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib.
Also the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur was stolen by another disciple, Bhai Jaita, who carried it to Anandpur Sahib. The head was separately cremated by the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Gobind Rai, who was the 10th and the last SIkh guru. There is another gurudwara with the same name (Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib) marking the site of cremation of guru’s head.
When and how was it established?
The Sikh Military leader, Baghel Singh, came to Delhi with an army to meet the emperor Shah Alam II. He asked for permission to build gurdwaras at the significant sites in Delhi. Shah Alam II agreed for the same. The gurudwara was first established in 1783 by Baghel Singh, but the current structure was made ready in 1930. Inside the gurudwara, the tree under which the guru was beheaded is also present. Also there is a well which was used by Guru Tegh Bahadur while he was imprisoned. The prison where the guru was kept and three of his disciples (Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Dyala, Bhai Sati Das) were tortured badly, burned alive and the bodies badly mutilated is also present near the gurudwara.
What is the architecture of the gurudwara?
The gurudwara has been built as per the Mughal architecture style, which is quite different from other gurudwaras. The Gurudwara has also been treated as a mosque under the political pressure and issues in the past, but it was finalised in 1930 that the place will remain gurudwara.
The gurudwara has a huge and spacious hall where many devotees can sit and pray. Under a bronze canopy in the centre, the holy book Guru Granth Sahib is placed.
It also has a huge complex for accommodation facilities for visitors and homeless. There are 250 rooms and 200 lockers. Anybody who wants to stay there overnight can easily get a room and a locker for themselves.
What things should be kept in mind when you visit here?
Just like in other gurudwaras, it is mandatory to remove the footwears and move inside the premises barefoot. You should wash your hands and feet before entering the premises. You should also remember to cover your head with a dupatta, handkerchief or scarf that you can find inside the gurudwara itself.
The langar prepared by the volunteers in the gurudwara should definitely not be missed by anyone. Also don’t forget to take the karah prasad.
There is also a museum just opposite the gurudwara where you can gain a lot of information related to the gurudwara and Guru Tegh Bahadur.
If you love to visit religious places and enjoy the serenity and peacefulness of such places, you must definitely come and visit here in case you are in Delhi.