Gandhi Smriti was earlier known as the Birla House or the Birla Bhavan and the place was a residence for the industrial family, the Birlas. This place is a must visit for those people who have even the slightest interest in the life and ideology of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
Location: 5, Tees January Lane, Birla House, New Delhi
Entry Timings: 10:00 am to 05:00 pm
Closed on Mondays
Nearest Metro Station: Race Course Metro Station on Yellow Line
Nearest Bus Stand: P.S. Tughlak Road Bus Stop
How was the house converted to a museum?
This building was built by Ghanshyamdas Birla in 1928 and was the residence of the Birla family. Mahatma Gandhi, along with Sardar Patel used to regularly visit the place. The last 144 days of Mahatma Gandhi’s life were spent here before he was killed by Nathuram Godse on January 30th, 1948. After his assassination, Jawaharlal Nehru advised Ghanshyamdas Birla to convert the house into a memorial of Mahatma Gandhi. Ghanshyamdas was not ready to do so because of the innumerable memories that was held in the house.
The house was bought by the Indian government in 1971 from the son of Ghanshyamdas Birla, Krishna Kumar Birla with difficult negotiations and at a quite high rate.
The Birla House was then converted to a museum that was opened to the public on August 15th, 1973 as Gandhi Smriti. The first thing that the people see is the statue of Gandhi with two kids holding a dove in their hands.
Why should you visit Gandhi Smriti?
People who believe in and are interested in the ideology and the principles of Mahatma Gandhi must visit the place. People who want to know about Mahatma Gandhi’s life will also get detailed and vast description of his life. People will be able to learn and understand almost everything related to Mahatma Gandhi’s life and death.
The house was converted to a memorial of Gandhi as a tribute to him and his principles that led to the freedom of the country. The place consists of many rooms that are kept exactly the way Mahatma Gandhi left them. The museum contains a large number of articles, scriptures, images etc that are associated in some or the other way with the life of Mahatma Gandhi.
How is the place preserved by the government?
The rooms where Gandhi used are preserved in the same way as Gandhi left them along with some of his belongings like spinning wheel, spectacles, walking stick, sandals etc. When a visitor sees the room, he can easily understand the simple life that Mahatma Gandhi led.
The ground where mass congregation in the evening were held are also preserved by the government of India. There is a Martyr’s Column which represents the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was killed.
Gandhi Smriti is a must-visit if you want to know anything about Mahatma Gandhi, his lifestyle, his principles and his work. With so much to explore and learn about someone so great, this place has become one of the most visited places and a huge tourist attraction in the city. The memorial emphasizes mainly on the life, principles and values of Gandhi.