Feroz Shah Kotla, another monument in India that is of great historical significance. Even though the fort is now in its ruins, it is one of the most interesting tourist attractions in Delhi.
Location: Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi
Entry Timings: 10:00 am to 07:00 pm
Nearest Metro Station: ITO Metro Station on Blue Line
Nearest Bus Stand: Express Building Bus Stand
When was Feroz Shah Kotla built?
Ferozabad was the fifth city of Delhi that was established by Feroz Shah Tughlaq of the Tughlaq dynasty, who ruled the city from 1351 to 1384. The citadel was built in 1354 when the capital was shifted to Ferozabad from Tughlaqabad. This was done because of water scarcity in Tughlaqabad and the issue was resolved by constructing the city of Ferozabad and the fort beside the Yamuna river.
What structures does the fort contain?
There are many structures inside the fort that generates enough amount of curiosity in anyone who is even slightly interested in historical monuments and their architecture. One of the oldest and largest mosque, the pyramidal structure, Ashokan pillar, the baoli etc – everything are worth your time even though many of these are ruined now.
The walls of the fort are up to 15 metres high and have slight slope on the outside at some places and most of the walls and structures are ruined.
The Ashokan pillar belongs to the Mauryan period and was built in the third century. The pillar was earlier erected by the great emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty in Ambala, and under the orders of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, it was brought to Delhi and re-installed in his fort. With a height of 13 metres and 27 tonnes in weight, it was not at all easy to shift the pillar from Pong Ghati Ambala to its current location.
The Ashokan pillar is made of polished sandstone and has inscriptions of Ashokan principles written originally in Brahmi script and the language was Prakrit, but later on scripts in Sanskrit were added on the pillar.
The baoli commonly known as a step well is also present inside the fort. The baoli is a three storey structure that is circular in shape with a large underwater drain. The water present in the baoli is because of its connection to a number of pipelines. The visitors will not be able to see much of the baoli as it is almost ruined and has also been locked by the authorities because of many accidents taking place at the place.
The hawa mahal is a three storey building with a pyramidal shape. The hawa mahal is said to be connected to many private rooms present in the fort. This is the structure that holds the Ashokan Pillar on its top.
Jami Masjid present inside the fort is considered to be the oldest and the largest mosques of the Tughlaq period and the mosque is still in use by the people. The mosque with its entrance on the northern side, consisted of a huge courtyard and a prayer hall, which are now not much visible as they are in ruins. The courtyard was earlier used by the females for praying. During its period when it was in good condition, the Jami Masjid had set an example of glorious and interesting architectural style.
Are there really any Djinns?
According to the people nearby, there are djinns present in the fort which can either be good or bad. On Thursday evenings, a lot of people come here to write letters and pray to the djinns to fulfil their desires. They light incense sticks and offer them things to eat like fruits, sweets, milk etc with a belief that if the djinns are pleased with them, their wishes will come true very soon.
With the ruins of palaces, mosques, stepwells etc along with the mysteries of djinns, ghosts, Sufi saints etc, the place seems to be a perfect place for people who are looking for an adventurous place to visit.