As Delhi is one of the most populated city of the country, problems in transportation and increase in pollution due to high use of private vehicles by the public have come up. Due to this, there was a need to good transportation system in Delhi that can deal with both the above mentioned problems and Delhi Metro System has met this need of the city to a great extent.
Delhi Metro came as a blessing
Delhi Metro System is the 12th largest metro system all over the world and covers 213 km of distance with 160 stations all on the lines. There are five coloured lines in the Delhi Metro namely Red, Yellow, Blue, Green and Violet along with a faster Airport Express line that connects to the Indira Gandhi International Airport. Delhi metro receive a large number of riders everyday travelling from one location in Delhi to another. Delhi Metro has not only dealt with the transportation problem in the capital city but has significantly helped in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited along with equal participation of the Delhi government and the central government is responsible for smooth operations of the Delhi Metro.
Operations of Delhi Metro
The first metro rail of Delhi Metro runs at 05:30 in the morning till 00:00 at night with a regular interval of 1 to 2 minutes or 5 to 10 minutes depending on the rush. Metro rails have either 4, 6 or 8 coaches from which the first coach is reserved for women since October 2010 for their safety. The metro stations have many facilities for the passengers like ATMs, food courts or outlets, cafe etc to make their travel even more comfortable. Though people are not allowed to eat, drink or smoke while travelling in the metro rails. Passengers can take a smart card with which they can avail a discount of 10% on each journey.
History of Delhi Metro
A Traffic and Travel Characteristics Study in 1969 in Delhi brought forward the issues that were prevailing in the transportation system in the capital city. After a few years in 1984, the Delhi Development Authority along with the Urban Arts Commission with the idea of constructing a multi-modal transport system in the city and the planning of Delhi Metro began. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation that is the governing body of the Delhi Metro System along with the state and central government was formed on May 3, 1995 with its first Managing Director, E. Sreedharan. The construction of Delhi Metro System that started on October 1, 1998 was divided in three phases from which the first phase was completed by 2006, second phase by 2011 and third phase by 2017.
All the responsibilities of Delhi Metro were very nicely handled by the DMRC who hired people for the construction, deciding on tenders, funds and took care of everything related to technical and political problems that arose during the construction process of the system.
Security in Metro
Since 2007, Central Industrial Security Force(CISF) has taken care of security of the passengers on the Delhi Metro. A large number of closed circuit cameras have been installed on elevated, grade and underground metro stations along with metro rails that cover every part of the metro and the stations. Metal detectors and X-Ray baggage inspection systems are the ones that ensure security at the entry of the metro stations. For the security of the passengers, fire alarm systems and intercoms have been installed in all metro rails so that the passengers can communicate with the operators in case of any kind of emergency. They also conduct security drills at regular intervals to ensure that the people responsible for the security are prepared for urgent situations.
Lines in Delhi Metro
Red line was the first line on Delhi Metro that came into operation and covers a distance of 25.09 kilometres. The Red line connects Rithala to Dilshad Garden. Yellow line was the second line that was opened in Delhi metro and the line was the first line that also consisted of underground metro stations. It connects Samaypur Badli to Huda City Centre in Gurgaon and stretches over a distance of 49 kilometres. Blue line, the third Metro line to come into operation with some stations at grade, some underground and some elevated, connects Dwarka subcity to Noida covering a distance of 47.4 kilometres. Green line that is the fifth line to be opened in Delhi Metro connects Inderlok to ITO covering 18.46 kilometres. Violet line is the most recent metro line to be opened that covers a distance of 37 kilometres connecting Escorts Mujesar to ITO. The Airport Express line that is faster than rest of the coloured regular lines connects Dwarka Sector 21 to New Delhi Railway Station and is also linked to Indira Gandhi International Airport. The distance that the line covers is 22.7 kilometres.
Helped in reducing pollution in Delhi and the emission of greenhouse gases, Delhi Metro has been recognized by United Nations as the first metro rail and rail-based system in the world to get “carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions”. People in Delhi consider Delhi Metro a blessing for making their travel easy and comfortable.